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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Craniopharyngioma

Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Craniopharyngioma

Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Craniopharyngioma - See sick alone is enough to make a parent sad and very anxious. Especially when the little one to have serious illnesses. There is one type of tumor that often strikes children aged 5 – 10 years, named Craniopharyngioma. This tumor includes the kind of brain tumor and usually are benign or non-cancerous.

However, it is essential for parents to know more about this disease so that it can quickly if the child is experiencing the symptoms of craniopharyngioma. The causes and symptoms of Craniopharyngioma must be identified by parents to find out when to come to the doctor for treatment.

What is a Craniopharyngioma?

Craniopharyngioma is a tumor that develops near the pituitary gland at the base of the skull. These glands produce hormones that play a role in controlling many bodily functions. When the craniopharyngioma grows slowly, then this can affect the purpose of the pituitary gland and other structures near the brain. This tumor can occur at any age, but most sufferers are children and adults aged 65–74 years.

Causes of Craniopharyngioma

The exact cause of craniopharyngioma is still unknown to this day. However, these tumors are thought to grow from a group of specialized cells that are commonly found on the part of the brain called the suprasellar region contained around the pituitary gland.

Symptoms craniofaringioma

The tumors usually grow slowly. Generally do not show symptoms in the early stages. Symptoms develop slowly over the next 1 to 2 years. The symptoms that arise with regards to where the tumor was. Most people will experience headaches and have problems with vision. A common problem that is side vision loss called bitemporal hemianopsia.

Other symptoms include:
  • Mental changes
  • Sleeplessness
  • Nausea, Vomiting (especially in the morning)
  • Balance problems

Large tumors in adults can lead to symptoms of neuropsikiatri, lost memory, apathy, incontinence, depression, and fatigue.

Chances are there are other symptoms and signs that are not mentioned above. If you have concerns about symptoms of this disease, please consult your doctor.

The Treatment Of Craniopharyngioma

There are several options for medical action can be done to overcome the craniopharyngioma:


The surgical procedure to remove all or most of a tumor is the most frequently recommended actions of doctors for people with craniopharyngioma. However, what type of operation which is performed depending on the location and size of people with tumors. When possible, the doctor will try to remove the entire tumor. However, because there are often many complex and vital structures around cancer, doctors sometimes decide not to remove the whole tumor so that the person can still have a good quality of life after surgery.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy using an external beam can also be done after surgery for craniopharyngioma treat that has not been raised. This treatment method using a powerful energy beam, such as x-rays or protons to kill tumor cells. During this therapy, people with living a lie on a table while the machine emits energy to the tumor cells.


Treatment with chemotherapy is rated way quite effective in killing tumor cells. Chemotherapy drugs containing chemicals can be injected directly into the tumor, so therapy can directly reach the target cells without damaging the healthy tissue that is in the vicinity.
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