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Mumps: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Mumps: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Mumps: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment - Mumps is a swelling that occurs in Parotid gland due to virus infection. The Parotid gland is a gland that acts to produce saliva and is located just below the ear. The event, part of the face side of the mumps sufferer will look enlarged. The disease mumps is a contagious disease which is commonly suffered by children. A virus from the paramyxovirus family causes the disease.

Mumps Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The spread of the virus mumps can occur through splashing saliva secreted by the mumps sufferer when coughing or sneezing. A healthy person can be infected with mumps when the sparks went into their mouth or nose, either directly or through an intermediary. For example due to sharing cutlery with sufferers or touch the surface of the objects that are already contaminated a virus from the sufferer.

Mumps can spread within a few days. Therefore, prevention efforts need to be made as early as possible. The trick is to avoid direct contact with sufferers and undergo immunization, especially for children over the age of one year.

Causes of mumps
As has been mentioned above, the mumps is caused by a group of viruses called paramyxovirus. The time of entry into the respiratory tract through the nose, mouth, or throat, the virus will settle, breed, and infect the Parotid gland so that the swollen glands.

Mumps virus transmission from the sufferer to healthy people can occur very quickly. Time of transmission is especially prone to a few days before the Parotid gland swollen sufferers until five days after the swelling appears.

Symptoms of mumps

Mumps symptoms usually will appear a new 14-25 day after virus infection occurred. Symptoms of mumps are characterized by swelling of the Parotid gland that makes the sides of the face look bloated. Post swelling of the Parotid gland, other symptoms will begin to develop. Among these are:
  • Pain when chewing or swallowing food.
  • Joint pain.
  • Fever with temperatures over 38 degrees Celsius.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Lost appetite.
  • Tired.
  • A headache.

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Treatment of mumps

Mumps can be recovered when the immune system overcomes the infection occurred. Although no medicine can cure mumps, some way can be done to relieve symptoms, among others, is by drinking plenty of water and avoid acidic drinks so as not to stimulate the Parotid gland, compresses an unused the part that is swollen and ached with warm water, and eating bland foods. The third way to relieve the pain.

Another form handling can be done is by taking any medication pain reliever sold freely on the market, such as ibuprofen and paracetamol, if needed. During the period of healing, it is advisable for more rest until symptoms subside. Healing the disease mumps usually takes one to two weeks.

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Prevention of mumps

The disease mumps can be prevented as early as possible by giving the MMR immunization in children. Administering the vaccine at age 1 and older should be repeated at the age of 5 years.

In people who do not get the vaccine while small, then preventive measures that can be done is by the way always keep clean hands, not sharing eating utensils or toiletries with others, use tissue paper when sneezing or a cough to be directly disposed of, and wear a mask. For patients with mumps, it is recommended not to have activity used to be outside the House for at least five days after the first symptoms appear, to prevent the spread of the disease to other people.

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